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English Language


Every pupil to be an effective user of the English Language

School-Based Curriculum

To explicitly teach the 4 macro language skills (Speaking, Reading, Writing & Listening) using

  1. STELLAR curriculum (P1-P6)
  2. School-based curriculum (P1-P6)

(1) STELLAR CURRICULUM: Strategies for English Language Learning and Reading


Shared Book Approach (SBA)

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                                                                       English SBA lesson
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                                                      English SBA Tuning In

Modified Learning Experience Approach (MLEA)

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Class writing based on a shared learning experience (MLEA 1).
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Pupils doing group writing based on a shared experience (MLEA 2)

Learning Centres (LC)
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Pupils completing tasks at Word Study Centre (Learning Centres)

  • Sustained Silent Reading (SSR)
  • Supported Reading (SR)
  • What I KNOW, What I WANT to Know, What I have LEARNT (KWL)
  • Retelling (R)


Lesson Packages
(Primary 1 to Primary 6)
Teacher-crafted lesson packages are aimed to address pupils’ areas of weakness that were identified from data collected from various sources such as daily work observations and various assessments.

Primary 1/2
  • Writing
  • Comprehension skills 
  • Use of adjectives to enchance writing
  • STOP Strategy 
Primary 3/4
  •  Connectors
  • Analysis of sentence structure / Parts of Speech
Primary 5/6
  • Grammar Rules in Context
  • Explicit teaching of how words are combined to form grammatical sentences

Bridging / Support Programme (Primary 1 to Primary 2)
  • Reading Mom Programme conducted by parent volunteers
  • Peer tutoring & Buddy Reading by the P2 pupils 

Literature Programme (Primary 3 – Primary 5)
  • Allow pupils to read a longer text
  • Expose pupils to good literary texts
  • Learn story telling techniques used by writers
  • Develop language skills through drama activities

Primary 3 - The BFG
Area of Focus: Plot Development

Primary 4 - James and the Giant Peach
Area of Focus: Characterization

  el_008.jpg Primary 5 – Holes
Area of Focus: Literary Techniques

5 MINDS for the future

Howard Gardner’s 5 MINDS for the Future is adopted by PHPPS to better prepare our pupils for the volatile, uncertain, changing and ambiguous (VUCA) world by equipping them with the mind-set to be flexible in their thinking and to employ all tools and skills set at their disposal.  

In the Disciplined Mind, we aim to equip pupils with the following skills:

  • Skim for gist/main idea 

  • Scan for details 

  • Use contextual cues

  • Sequence details

The Synthesising Mind seeks to help pupils:
  •  Make inferences

  • Distinguish between cause and effect, compare and contrast, identify fact and opinion, make simple generalisations, draw conclusions

  • Identify and compare themes and provide evidence to support points stated

The Creating Mind trains pupils to:
  •       Respond to a text with reasons, judgement, personal interpretation

The Respectful Mind ensures that pupils are:
  •       Able to see others' viewpoints

The Ethical Mind helps pupils to be:
  • Being objective, drawinf a conclusion after analysing all data
  • Able to realise how one's action has an impact on others

We use 2 modules in the English Language curriculum as a platform to train pupils in the 5 MINDS. 
 The 2 modules are:

1.    Comprehension Open-ended

  • Pupils need to analyse a comprehension passage and express an opinion on the writer’s action.

2.       Literature Package

  • Pupils need to create a speech to introduce and analyse the character in the story
  • Pupils need to weigh the pros and cons of the proposal made by the characters in the story.

Developmental Programmes

Reading Programmes

Reading with My Family Booklet  - Lower Primary
(Primary 1 – Primary 2)

Non-fiction Reading  - Whole School Approach
(Primary 1 – Primary 5)

A collection of riddles, jokes, poems, short stories & articles for the pupils to read to their parents.

Parents are encouraged to give comments to their child about their child’s sharing .
  • P1: Step Into Reading
  • P2: Step Into Reading
  • P3: Story Time
  • P4: i Magazine
  • P5: Ace  Magzine
  • P6: Ace  Magzine

Competent and Confident Communicator (C³)

Programme Objective:

·        Pupils will be equipped with skills to organize their thoughts so that they can communicate effectively in oral and written forms.

Level / Foci

Programme / Activities

Primary 1 /2 –

Functional Language used in everyday conversation

“Do It Right” programme - simple requests & replies, (ask & answer questions)

request for assistance

“Q&A”programme – Pupils use the appropriate vocabulary and sentence structure taught in the “Do it Right” programme and apply it in a different situation.

Simple oral presentation

“Hear Me Out” programme

-talk about a topic / object and express their own opinions with simple justification eg pupils to be able to give reasons why they like a particular object.

“I Am A Star” programme –platform for pupils to address a larger audience while applying the skills learned in the “Do It Right” and “Q&A?” programmes

Primary 3 –

Story telling


Storytelling lessons



Public Speaking

Character Analysis based on BFG novel from Literature Programme

Primary 4  

Public Speaking – persuasive speech

Analysis of Decisions - write and present a speech to convince the listeners as to which decision taken by the characters is the most suitable and give a reason to support your view.  (based on James and the Giant Peach novel from the Literature Programme)

Primary 5 –


1.     Interview-basic answering techniques to handle interviews in various contexts

Primary 6 –

Drama Appreciation

Drama Appreciation (post PSLE) -

Critique / Review


Enriching Learning

OBJECTIVE: Provide opportunities for pupils to use the language learnt in real life contexts

e2 @ (Experience English)

  • e2 @ the Zoo
  • e2 @ Bird Park
  • e2 @ the Singapore River
  • e2 @ MUIS harmony centre
  • e2 @ Science Centre

e2 @ programme (Learning Journey)

Our experience English (e2 @) programme provides a variety of authentic platforms for the pupils to put their language skills to use.  The pupils are expected to communicate effectively in these real life contexts using the language learnt.  All our Learning Journeys seek to impress upon our pupils that language is essential a tool for communication.

 Primary 4 Amazing Race

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Primary 4 (Learning Journey to Singapore River)

At a learning station, listening to some information from a parent volunteer.
Looking for information at various sites
Collaborating and working as a team

EL Thinkers Today, Leaders Tomorrow (TTLT) programme 

TTLT is PHPSS’s cornerstone programme using the X3 development plan (Xposure, Xtension and Xcellence), focusing on the levels of extension and excellence.

It is a 2 year programme designed to develop a selected group of students who excels in specific disciplines and skills. The programme focuses on enhancing the child’s thinking process, leadership competency and communication skills through a skill-based developmental curriculum.

TTLT aims to

·         provide each child with thinking, leadership and communication skills through various pedagogical approaches.

·         develop various higher-order thinking skills to enrich cognitive processes.

·         develop each child into capable leaders through the 5 practices of leadership.

·         develop each child into confident and competent communicators

The TTLT curriculum focuses on three main skills which are Thinking, Leadership and Communication.





·         Contextual

·         Metacognition

·         Procedural

·         Comprehension

·         Creativity

·         Insight

·         Problem solving

·         Critical thinking

5 Practices of Exemplary leadership


·         Model the way

·         Inspire shared vision

·         Challenge the process

·         Enabling others to act

·         Encouraging the heart

·         Discipline communication

·         Confident and competent communicator

These skills are taught via the following 4 modules and the various camps and competitions:

Public Speaking and Storytelling

  • — 4 sessions
  • —  Deliver and present with confidence and impact


  • —  4 sessions
  • —  Have an overview of what debate is
  • —  Analyze an issue and take perspectives
  • —  Present views in a succinct and confident manner

Critical Thinking

  • —  2 sessions
  • —  Develop various higher-order thinking skills to enrich cognitive processes


  • —  7 sessions
  • —  Present information and insights through various platforms:
  • Photo Journalism
  • Newsletter
  • News Presentation

Leadership Training & Camp

Spelling Bee Competition

RI Debate

Wits and Words Competition


Spelling Bee Competition                                                
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Debate Training
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News Presentation Training at SMA
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Holistic Assessment

Holistic Assessment

Following the recommendations made by the PERI committee, the school has implemented Holistic Assessment (HA) for the P1 to P4 cohorts.  The aim is to provide a more holistic picture of the pupils’ progress and to feed forward in the learning cycle.  Various tools such as rubrics, checklists and feedback forms serve to inform parents and pupils of the status of the learning journey.

The following table shows some examples of HA tasks.


Language Skill

Tasks / Tests

Term 2 HA:


Sound Discrimination


Poetry Recitation

Reading Aloud of Sight Words

Language Use


·         Grammar & Vocabulary MCQ

·         Sentence Arrangement

Term 3 HA:


Picture Matching, & Sound Discrimination


Pick and Tell

Reading Aloud (of a short passage)

Language Use

Mini-Test 2

·         Grammar & Vocabulary Cloze Comprehension MCQ

Term 4 HA:


Reading Aloud (of a short passage)


MLEA 3 (individual Writing)

Language Use

Mini-Test 3

·         Grammar & Vocabulary Cloze

·         Comprehension OE

·         Visual Text Comprehension


Language Skill

Tasks / Tests

Term 2 HA:


Sound Discrimination & Listening Comprehension


Reading Aloud (of a short passage)


MLEA 3 (individual Writing)

Language Use

Mini-Test 1

·         Grammar & Vocabulary MCQ

·         Comprehension MCQ  & OE

·         Visual Text Comprehension

Term 3 HA:


Hear Me Out

Reading Aloud (of a short passage)


Composition writing

Language Use

Mini-Test 2

·         Grammar & Vocabulary Cloze

·         Comprehension MCQ & OE

·         Visual Text Comprehension


Language Skill

Tasks / Tests



Picture Matching


Guided writing (MLEA 3)

Language Use

Mini Test 1 – Grammar, Vocabulary, Comprehension & VTC (MCQ)



Picture Matching & Note taking


Composition writing

Speaking (part of the Literature package)

Oral - Character Analysis


Language Skill

Tasks / Tests



Picture Matching & Note taking

Comprehension OE

Comprehension passage tied to Unit 2 Canoe Diary

Language Use

Mini Test 1 – Grammar & Vocabulary (MCQ & Cloze), Connectors


  TERM 3 - HA

Speaking (part of Literature Package)

Oral – Persuasive speech to convince audience to agree with a decision taken by a character in the text

Language Use

Mini Test 2 – Grammar & Vocabulary Cloze, Comprehension OE


Special Events & Highlights

Internal Competitions

  • P1 - Poetry recitation
  • P2 - Choral Reading
  • P3 - Story-telling
  • P4 – Public Speaking

External Competitions

  • Story Challenge
  • PESA – Lower & Upper Primary
  • RHB - The Straits Times National Spelling Championship
  • P5 - Debate (RI & HCI)
  • P6 - Wits and Words

Drop Everything and Read (DEAR)

  • One period per week is set aside for the pupils to have reading activities in class
  • One week of reading activities in April
  • Expose students to good authors & book titles
  • Encourage the students to read aloud to an adult, peer or sibling

Children's work





Wits & words (Debate)

Best Speaker Prelim round 1)

Charlize Wong



Best speaker Prelim round 2)

Charlize Wong 


Best speaker (quarter final) 




Finals - 2nd 

Ryan Loke, Charlize Wong, Ruishan





Finals - good speaker award 

Charlize Wong & Ryan Loke


Scholastic writing competition 


Cheyenne Chua 3R3 

 Story challenge

Semi final



Semi final



Moo-O Merit   


  • READ@SCHOOL - in partnership with National Library Board (NLB)
    • Mass Borrowing
    • Storytelling  
  • Reading Mums
  • Reading Buddy
  • English Language Institute of Singapore (ELIS)
    • Special Interest Group - Putting Meaning into Grammar Teaching